Whether it is to make international payments or domestic payments, billions of dollars change hands across the globe every year.
In the aftermath of the pandemic, people and governments alike observed a decline in the use of cash. This transition has proven extremely challenging for those whose primary method of transferring money internationally is an annual trip home.
Even with closed physical borders, providing a continuous flow of money worldwide became an unseen, but an incredibly vital requirement for people to survive the pandemic. How can this challenge be navigated when some money transfer services are not available in every country?
A wire transfer is the process of moving funds from one individual or entity to another, electronically. This allows money to be safely transferred between people around the world without anyone being in physical contact with one another.
Two banks exchange information about the recipient’s identity, their account number, and the amount of money that they should receive, and the transfer is made using a network such as Fedwire or the Society for Worldwide Interbank Financial Telecommunication (SWIFT).
How Do They Work?
Wire transfers can be initiated by contacting your bank, which will then ask for certain information about the instructions for sending the money. This often includes:
- Which bank account you want the money to come from
- Recipient’s name
- Recipient’s bank account number
- Recipient’s address and/or zip code
Bank name where the money is being sent
Banks usually charge a fee for transferring funds to the other party once the transaction has been initiated. Shortly after the information is sent to the recipient’s bank, the bank deposits its reserve funds into the recipient’s account, and the two institutions settle the payments on the back end after the recipient has received the funds. No physical money is transferred between the banks.
What Are The Differences?
Wire transfers can be either domestic, which means they transfer within the same country, or international, where the wire travels between two separate countries.
In domestic transfers, the money is typically processed the same day it has been sent – usually within a few hours. In the case of same-day wire transfers, there’s usually a cutoff time, which ensures that the funds will reach your recipient the same day if your transfer is initiated by that time. Wires initiated after that time may not be processed until the next day.
Due to the involvement of more than one banking system, international wire transfers can take longer to process than domestic wire transfers. If, for example, a foreign wire transaction was initiated from the United States to France, a US-based clearinghouse and a France-based clearinghouse would be involved. Processing will take longer because of this extra step and can take several days.
The cost of bank wires differs from that of some other electronic payments. These costs may range from $15 to $50 per transfer. Among the factors that determine the fee are:
- The bank
- Whether the wire is going out or coming in
- Whether it is a domestic or international wire
- The transfer amount
Incoming domestic wires usually fall at the lower end of this price range. For certain types of accounts, banks may even waive incoming wire fees. In contrast, the costs of international outgoing wires are the highest.
Alternatives To Wire Transfers
Today, there are digital payment providers and other transfer services that can substitute for wire transfers. Blockchain technology and smart contracts are often used by these businesses to facilitate instant payments and transfers with minimal or no fees. As a result, such companies can handle both domestic and international transfers. Because these companies are often fully digital, users can make transfers at any time since they are able to operate 24/7.